neutropenia

n.
an abnormal decrease in the number of neutrophils in peripheral blood. Neutropenia may occur in a wide variety of diseases, including certain hereditary defects, aplastic anaemias, tumours of the bone marrow, agranulocytosis, and acute leukaemias. In cancer patients it is often due to the deleterious effects of cytotoxic drugs on bone marrow cells. Neutropenia results in an increased susceptibility to infections; if patients become unwell, due to infection, this can lead to neutropenic sepsis, which can be life-threatening.
Derivatives:
neutropenic adj.

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

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  • Neutropenia — Classification and external resources Blood film with a striking absence of neutrophils, leaving only red blood cells and platelets ICD 10 D …   Wikipedia

  • Neutropenia — Frote de sangre en el que se observa solo un granulocito (neutrófilo) en un mar de glóbulos rojos. Normalmente aparecerían docenas de leucocitos en un campo de esta amplificación (10x) …   Wikipedia Español

  • neutropenia — f. hemat. Presencia de leucocitos neutrófilos en sangre por debajo de su nivel habitual. La neutropenia puede ser congénita o estar provocada por determinados fármacos, radiaciones ionizantes y enfermedades de la propia sangre o infecciosas de… …   Diccionario médico

  • Neutropenia — Not enough neutrophils, neutrophils being a type of white blood cell (specifically a form of granulocyte) filled with neutrally staining granules, tiny sacs of enzymes that help the cell to kill and digest microorganisms it has engulfed by… …   Medical dictionary

  • neutropenia — {{#}}{{LM N27304}}{{〓}} {{[}}neutropenia{{]}} ‹neu·tro·pe·nia› {{《}}▍ s.f.{{》}} Disminución anormal del número de neutrófilos en la circulación periférica …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • neutropenia — noun leukopenia in which the decrease is primarily in number of neutrophils (the chief phagocytic leukocyte) • Hypernyms: ↑leukopenia, ↑leucopenia • Hyponyms: ↑cyclic neutropenia …   Useful english dictionary

  • neutropenia — noun Etymology: New Latin, from neutro (from International Scientific Vocabulary neutrophil) + penia Date: circa 1927 leukopenia in which the decrease in white blood cells is chiefly in neutrophils • neutropenic adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • neutropenia — Condition in which the number of neutrophils circulating in the blood is below normal …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • neutropenia — neu·tro·pe·ni·a (no͞o trə pēʹnē ə, nyo͞o ) n. An abnormal decrease in the number of neutrophils in the blood.   [neutrophil + penia.]   neu tro·penʹic ( pĕnʹĭk) adj. * * * …   Universalium

  • neutropenia — noun A hematological disorder characterized by an abnormally low neutrophil count …   Wiktionary

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